How to Identify Options for Treatment
There are a wide range of options available for on-site wastewater treatment. Wineries need to work with a consultant to determine the type of system that will best meet their needs.
This table summarizes some of the systems most commonly used by wineries in Ontario that have been approved by the Province or Municipalities.
|Wetland Biofilter||Lagoon||Bioreactor (various)|
|Description||A constructed wetland that uses plant growth to break down organic material in wastewater||An open pond where biological processes break down organic material.||Enclosed systems that use microbial action to break down organic matter. Includes biofilters, anaerobic digesters, and other biological systems.|
|Wineries with provinically-approved systems||Peninsula Ridge
|Chateau des Charmes||Konzelmann Estates
Types of Wastewater Treatment Systems
- Lagoon: open ponds designed to treat organic matter in wastewater.
- Bioreactor: A vessel that contains bacteria or other organisms that break down organic material.
- Activated Sludge: Suspended material that consists of wastewater and organisms that break down organic matter.
- Membrane Bioreactor (MBR): A system that combines a bioreactor with a membrane to enhance performance and reduce footprint.
- Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR): One or more bioreactors that operate on a batch system and utilize aeration and activated sludge.
- Constructed Wetland/Wetland Biofilter: An artificial wetland that uses plants to break down organic matter in wastewater.